Thursday, 20 September 2018

Homework 2017-2018

Workbook
You can do the exercises in Units 1-20

Blog  

In this blog you will find extra material to improve your English. 
 

General School Information
Bibliography C2
Unit 1         1.1        1.2         1.3       Exam folder 1
Unit 2         2.1        2.2         2.3       Writing folder 1
Unit 3         3.1        3.2         3.3       Exam folder 2
Unit 4         4.1        4.2         4.3       Writing folder 2     Revision U 1-4
Unit 5         5.1        5.2         5.3       Exam folder 3 
Unit 6         6.1        6.2         6.3       Writing folder 3
Unit 7         7.1        7.2         7.3       Exam folder 4
Unit 8         8.1        8.2         8.3       Writing folder 4     Revision U 5-8
Unit 9         9.1        9.2         9.3       Exam folder 5
Unit 10       10.1      10.2      10.3       Writing folder 5
Unit 11       11.1      11.2      11.3       Exam folder 6
Unit 12       12.1      12.2      12.3       Writing folder 6     Revision U 9-12
Unit 13       13.1      13.2      13.3       Exam folder 7
Unit 14       14.1      14.2      14.3       Writing folder 7
Unit 15       15.1      15.2      15.3       Exam folder 8
Unit 16       16.1      16.2      16.3       Writing folder 8     Revision U 13-16
Unit 17       17.1      17.2      17.3       Exam folder 9
Unit 18       18.1      18.2      18.3       Writing folder 9
Unit 19       19.1      19.2      19.3       Exam folder 10
Unit 20       20.1      20.2      20.3       Writing folder 10   Revision U 17-20

Get ready for the speaking exam
Guide 

English C2 Blog Posts  




Assignments
1. Writing and presentation: 

Personal Profile: My Life in 5 Minutes  (200 words) (deadline: 11 Oct)
Write a personal profile for your new English class  
You will find useful language here. And here:
Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking
Present it to the class without reading


2.
Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 18 Oct).
Topic: Changes and Expectations . Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p.12. Changes. Speaking 

Objective Proficiency p 16. Expectations. Extra Speaking

3. Writing:
An essay (200 words) (deadline 30 Oct)
Write a balanced discussion ( essay ) on the following theme: "Do people always live up to our expectations? What is the right thing to do? And is it what is right always fair?" You can also get some ideas on this topic here.

You can get more information on writing essays on pages 22 &23, 56 & 57, here and here. You will find useful language, here, here , here , here  and here  

Here you have other ideas for a balanced discussion (discursive essay):  "The internet poses one of the greatest threats to our existence"
 "The process, the necessity and the inevitability of major political, cultural, and social change". You can also get some ideas on this topic in Unit 1 and on this website
 
4.
Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 6 Nov).
Topic: Travel and Work. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 16. Travel. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 17. Living In the Lap of Luxury Vs Living Rough in One Snapshot. Extra Speaking 

Objective Proficiency p 157. Immigration. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 21. Work. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 128. Work. Extra Speaking

5. Writing:
A review (200 words) (deadline 15 Nov)
An international magazine wants readers to contribute writing a review about a musical, opera, concert or music event they have recently been to. You can get information on writing reviews on pages 38 & 39. You can find some useful vocabulary about the topic of music here. Finally, you can find useful language for writing here. 

Here you can find useful language for reviews.
 

6. Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 22 Nov).
Topic: Anecdotes, the animal world, and the weather and climate change. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 24. Guess What! Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 28. Feel Hard Done By

Objective Proficiency p 24. Animals. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 24. The Weather and Climate Change. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 26. How Does the Weather Affect Your Mood? Speaking 

Objective Proficiency p 112. The Environment. Extra Speaking

7. Writing:
A Narrative:
write a narrative for a school contest entitled The Story behind the Picture. Choose a photo and write a story related to the photo. The winners of this contest will win a prize. (200 words)(Deadline 29 Nov)

8. Writing
An essay
(200 words) (deadline 11 Dec) Write an essay in response to an article on ethical treatment of animals.
This is an excerpt from the article:


  • Humans are superior, non-human animals are inferior. Animals were put here as the playthings of humans, for us to do with them what we want. We are able to farm them and control them, we can change their genetics and what they look like, animals have no minds of their own. We eat them, race them and catch them for sport. We even refer to undesirable human behaviour as animal. In this world you either harm or you are harmed. God gave humans the ability to harm, so we do. Animals are here for us to exploit. Maiming and injuring an animal is no different to eating it.

Write your discursive essay. (Objective Proficiency p 56). 
You will get more ideas on how to write an essay on pages 22 &23, 56 & 57  and here. You will find useful language, here, here , here , here  and here
You  can also get some ideas and vocabulary on this topic here

Other ideas for writing a discursive essay:
"Do we as a society take music as seriously as we should?" You can also get some ideas and vocabulary on this topic here .




9.
Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 18 Dec).
Topic: Crime and Punishment, feelings and emotions. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 26. Crime and Punishment. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 28. Feelings and Emotions. Extra Speaking


10. Writing
A problem-solution essay (200 words) (deadline 10 Jan): find the details HERE


11.
Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 22 Jan).
Topic: Food and health, shopping and consumerism . Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 36. Food. Extra Vocabulary

Objective Proficiency p 36. Food. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 36. Can We Eat Our Way Out Of Climate Change? Extra Listening

Objective Proficiency p 120. Health. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 43. Just For the Lulz. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 47. Advertising and Shopping. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 76. Clothes. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 128. The Economy. Extra Speaking

12. Writing: 
A proposal (200 words) (deadline 7 Feb)
Your local English radio has started a campaign to try to improve your town. It has invited listeners to send in formal proposals on ways of improving it; these will be considered in a panel discussion on air, voted on by listeners, and the best one sent to the council.
Write your proposal identifying the main problems in your town and making formal recommendations for improving it, with reasons. You can find useful vocabulary to talk about cities here.
More information on writing proposals:

Here you can see examples of how to write proposals. 
Finally, you can find useful language for writing here


Another idea for a proposal: find the details here
 

13. Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 14 Feb).
Topic: Music, art and entertainment. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 55. Music. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 59. Art or Not Art. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 63. Art and Sight. Extra Speaking 

14. Writing: 
An article (200 words) (deadline: 21 Feb)
An English-language newspaper is inviting readers to contribute to a series of articles about globalisation. You decide to write an article explaining your personal views on this topic. 


Get some ideas here: 
Objective Proficiency p 84. Languages and Globalisation. Extra Speaking  
Objective Proficiency p 17. Living In the Lap of Luxury Vs Living Rough in One Snapshot. Extra Speaking
BBC - GCSE Bitesize: What is globalisation? 
How the World Was Won: The Americanization of Everywhere 
Simon Anholt interview: ‘There is only one global superpower: public opinion’

To see how to write articles click here and also here. You can also get some ideas on how to write articles on pages 90, 91, 158, 159, 174 & 175. Finally, you can find useful language for writing here. 
  

Another idea for writing an article. 
Find the details here.  

15. Speaking:

Make a Presentation (200 words) (deadline: Feb)  
Give a 5 minute presentation on one of the curriculum topics
Deadlines:  

30 Oct: tell your teacher the topic
Feb: give the presentation  

Useful language:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

16. Writing: 
A report (200 words) (deadline 7 Mar)
You work for a company that needs to adapt to the current market needs and trends. Your manager has asked you to write a report about how the Millennial generation is fundamentally changing our culture of consumption and what the company can do to meet their needs and be highly profitable.  You can get some ideas here.
You can get information on writing reports on pages 106 & 107. Finally, you can find useful language for writing a report here, here and here

Another idea for writing a report:
You work for the tourist office in your area. Your manager has asked you to write a report in English on the places that are popular with tourists who are interested in art. You should briefly describe the most popular places. Your report should also recommend two or three improvements that would enhance the tourists' experience and explain why these would attract even more visitors. You can find useful vocabulary to talk about art here.



17.
Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 14 Mar).
Topic: Housing. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 70. Digital Human: Home. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 70. Homes. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 71. City Living. Extra Speaking

18. Writing: 
Write a letter (200 words) (deadline: 21 March)
You are concerned about the food that is given to children at schools today. You decide to write a letter of complaint to the Department of Education outlining your concerns for school food today and the actions you think need to be taken by governments to ensure our children continue to get the great all round food education they need to feed themselves better in the future and to help reduce the crippling rise in obesity.
You can get more information on writing letters on pages 124 & 125. You will also find a letter writing guide here and here . You can find useful language here, here: Formal letters, here:  How to write.  and here.
You can get some ideas on the topic here: 
Objective Proficiency p 124. Tackling the Obesity Problem. Extra Listening
Objective Proficiency p 123. Sweet Tooth Gone Bad: Why 22 Teaspoons Of Sugar Per Day Is Risky. Extra Listening 
Objective Proficiency p 120. Why Calories Count. Extra Listening 
Objective Proficiency p 120. Diet and Exercise. Extra Vocabulary 
Objective Proficiency p 120.For Mind And Body: Study Finds Mediterranean Diet Boosts Both . Extra Listening  
Objective Proficiency p 120. Obesity on the Rise. Extra Listening  
Objective Proficiency p 120. Childhood Obesity. Extra Listening 
Objective Proficiency p 120. Me and My Shadow. Extra Listening 
Objective Proficiency p 120. Weight Bias at Home and School . Extra Listening

Another idea for writing a formal letter:
You have read an article that appeared on the NPR website entitled "Will We 'Fix' The Weather? Yes. Should We Fix The Weather? Hmmm". You decide to write a letter to the writer of the article, , commenting on the views expressed and giving your own opinions. Finally, you can get some ideas for your response in the comments readers have left below the article
 

19. Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 11 Apr).
Topic:  Education; languages and globalization; science and technology. Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 79.The Educators: Daisy Christodoulou. Extra Listening and Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 79. Education. Speaking 

Objective Proficiency p 84. Languages and Globalisation. Extra Speaking 

Objective Proficiency p 90. Science and Technology. Extra Speaking.

Objective Proficiency p 109. Travel. Extra Speaking

20. Writing: 
Write a review (200 words)(deadline: 18 April)
Write a review of two books you have read this year.   Useful language. You can also find some more useful language on pages 140 and 141. (Deadlines: before 30 Oct tell your teacher the book you are going to read. In April hand in your review).  Click here for a list of readers and more instructions for this assignment. 
 

21. Speaking: write a five-minute presentation (200 words). Use this Guide. (deadline: 25 Apr).
Topic: Relationships, politics . Get your ideas here:

Speakout Advanced p 63. Monologue. Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 92. Relationships. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 96. Living Alone. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 156. Politics. Extra Speaking

Objective Proficiency p 152. Major Events and the Most Relevant People. Extra Speaking

22. Writing:
Write an article. (200 words) (deadline: 2 May)
Find the details here: Objective Proficiency p 158. Writing an Article


23. Writing:
Last assignment:
Reflection: write a letter to your teacher
(150 words)(deadline 14 May)
We are approaching the end of the academic year. You decide to write a letter to your teacher giving him some feedback about the course. In your reflection you can include aspects of the course that you loved or loathed; what you found useful or useless; suggestions for the future and any other aspect you may consider worth pointing out in order to improve the teaching and learning process of this course.
You will find a letter writing guide here and here . You can find useful language here.
Formal letters.
How to write. 

Wednesday, 18 October 2017

Initial Evaluation



C 2                                                                                                                              USE OF ENGLISH                                                                        TIME             75’
NAME: ______________________________________________________________
PART ONE. OPEN CLOZE. Fill each of the blanks in the following passage with one suitable word.


In my local port I was (0)_somewhat_ bemused to be greeted with a ‘Good morning! How are you?’ by a shop assistant (1)__________ had previously only ever spoken to me in Spanish. I asked whether she’d had an English language chip inserted but with (2)________ giggle she assured me that her new-found confidence was all down (3)________ private lessons. Apparently she and some former (4)________ friends had (5)____________ in weekly conversation classes with a British teacher in the (6)__________ of improving their (7)__________ of finding a job in the UK.
It’s the same story throughout Majorca and the Peninsula. Spaniards of all ages – and not just those working in tourism – are really getting to (8)_________ with English and attending conversation classes in (9)________ to up their game for the job market. Invited recently to give an evening book talk at one of Majorca’s best language schools (EOI Calvià), I was astounded (10)__________ the proficiency of the mostly mature students. They came from all (11)___________ of life and showed a genuine zest (12)____________ learning (13)__________ having worked a full day before hoofing (14)_________ through the city to listen to me.
Naturally a large part of their success (15)__________ unwavering enthusiasm was thanks to the dynamism and excellent teaching skills of their tutors that I witnessed first (16)_________. All the (17)________, there has definitely been a sea (18)___________ since the time that I first set (19)_________ in Soller. Fifteen years ago one would have been hard-(20)________ to find locals speaking anything more than a (21)_________ faltering phrases in the cafés and shops in the town and yet now, many are fluent.
The irony of course is that back in the UK everyone, it seems, wants to learn Spanish. With
400 million native speakers worldwide – Spanish is the primary language in 20 countries – it’s not surprising that Español is proving (22)_________ a popular subject in school at A level, and is (23)___________ by the British Council to be the most important language for the UK. Meanwhile in Spanish schools there is a similar trend for acquiring fluency in English with a good proportion of children being grounded (24)___________ the language alongside Castilian and Catalan. A great number of parents are also sending their children to English and international schools or giving them private lessons, such as with the EOI, each week. They want their offspring to be (25)__________ of the pack when searching for jobs and eventually entering the workplace.
In truth it’s no accident that ever since the Spanish (26)__________ downturn in 2008 the number of students enrolling for exams such as the respected C2 has grown year on (27)_________. Spaniards have command of the most widely spoken language in the world – after Mandarin Chinese – so with English (28)_________ their belts too, the (29)___________ should indeed be their oyster. And with any luck such dedication, passion and determination to succeed in the English language will ensure that Spaniards of the future will never be lost for (30)__________.
Adapted from
The Telegraph



PART TWO. WORD BUILDING.  For each blank space use the word in brackets to help you write a related word which fits the context. Make sure your spelling is clear and unambiguous. An example (0) has been done for you.
Clichés do little to 0_stimulate  (STIMULUS) photographic 1_____________ (EXPRESS) but much to help win dust-collecting pots and medals in 2______________ (COMPETE). David Johnston shoots 3__________________ (ENVIRONMENT) portraits using a wide-angle lens with the subject to one side, near the camera, and a second person in the background. It's one of my pet hates. I'm not criticising the style of this or any other cliché, it's the 4______________ (CONTINUE) use of 5_______________ (BASIC) the same photograph with different subjects that annoys me.
When does a photographic style become a cliché? There can be little doubt that those images now 6____________________ (DEEM) clichés were once 7_____________ (POWER) and 8______________ (STIMULATE) photographs, which merited the awards given to them. They influenced many others and so 9_______________ (PHOTOGRAPH) could be seen to be moving forward. Such is the way of progress. However, when an 10_____________ (INNOVATE) 11_____________ (WIN) image is copied by 12_____________ (NUMBER) others, 13___________ (HELL) on walking off with the annual club trophy, a cliché is born.
14________________ (CERTAIN), photographers with fresh vision should push the boundaries of 15______________ (SEE) and style. That's how less 16___________ (GIFT) photographers move forward. Let's not forget that from time to time even the 17_______________ (INNOVATE) look to others for this. While the 18______________ (SLAVE) copying of any image or existing style is the road to ultimate ruin, we should 19_____________ (ACTIVE) look at those images to find seeds of 20____________ (STIMULATE).



PART THREE. MULTIPLE CHOICE CLOZE. Read the text below and choose the option that best corresponds to the blank.
Book (0) Review: Galapagos: the Islands that (1) ________ the World

            I was lucky enough to (2)__________ an ambition and visit the Galapagos Islands two years ago.It's only when you experience the place first  (3)_________ that you really appreciate why the early explorers gave this isolated archipelago the (4)_________ 'The Enchanted Isles'.
(5)_________ no substitute for a visit, this superbly attractive book provides a fascinating commentary and scientific background to the Galapagos experience. BBC books have (6)________ their usual high quality job in producing the volume that will accompany their TV series of the same name.
Nothing can compare to exploring the strange landscapes, (7)_________ up close and personal with the unique wildlife and witnessing the rich biological and environmental history that is so very apparent on the islands. However, this book does (8)___________ close. The superb descriptive prose of award winning cameraman Paul Steward is another plus (9)___________, as is the fact that this is (10)___________ by his iconic photography. This book  (11)__________ in celebrating the weird and wonderful sights and unique life (12)__________ that are hidden amongst these fascinating islands. It also comes  (13)_________ with a comprehensive gazetteer section. But don't (14)_________ read this book as an alternative to actually going, use it as the  (15)__________ of inspiration for your own trip, a useful guide once you are there and a stunning reminder on your return.
           
           
0. A Review              B Diary                      C. Account               D. Story
1. A adjusted            B shifted                   C switched               D altered
2. A fulfil                   B accomplish           C manage                 D perform
3. A foremost            B person                   C flesh                      D hand
4. A label                   B badge                    C emblem                 D token
5. A Despite              B However                C Whilst                    D Whereas
6. A set                      B done                      C made                     D given
7. A getting               B reaching                C arriving                  D gaining
8. A run                     B come                      C go                                       D pass
9. A spot                    B point                       C mark                       D tip
10. A   punctuated   B interpolated          C inserted                 D interjected
11. A attains             B succeeds              C achieves               D obtains
12. A sorts                 B types                      C forms                     D ways
13. A complete         B entirely                  C intact                      D joined
14. A barely                          B hardly                    C merely                   D scarcely
15. A base                B cause                     C origin                     D source


PART FOUR. GAPPED SENTENCES. Think of ONE word only that can be used appropriately in all three sentences of each exercise. An example (0) has been done for you.
0.
a. Yolanda's a very reliable person, so it's __safe__ to assume that she'll turn up in time.
b. Diana needed to find a __safe__  place to hide Tom's birthday present, so she could surprise him on the day.
c. Alma was told that it wasn't __safe__  to leave valuables in her hotel room when she went out.

1.
a. We were asked to choose a __________ from a famous novel to read out loud in class.
b. Keeping the doors open helps the ________ of air through the building, and stops it getting too hot.
c. There's a narrow __________ connecting the two parts of the shopping complex, which gets very crowded at weekends.
2.
a. The magazine has decided to _________ a series of articles on how to set up your own website.
b. As he'd missed the airport bus, Jack's neighbour offered to _________ him there in his car.
c. The gadget is useful for travellers because it can ______ off either mains of electricity or batteries.
3.
a. The village ___________ at the head of a valley in the National Park.
b. Thinking about technological change, I often wonder what ________ ahead of us in the future.
c. The responsibility for ensuring the students follow the detailed curriculum ________ with the          class teacher.
4.
a. Ray promised to _________ back to the student committee on the details of his meeting with the college principal.
b. Patients should _________ to the Reception Desk immediately on arrival at the hospital.
c. Most trainee journalists are asked to _________ on local events when they first join the newspaper.
5.
a. This is _________ the best computer game I've ever played.
b. Flora was a good tennis player and so beat her young opponents _________ .
c. David found that he fitted _________ into his new circle of friends at college.




PART FIVE. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.

0. "I am sorry I didn't ring you to say I'd be late."
APOLOGISED
He __ apologised for not ringing (having rung) to say he'd __ be late.
1. She had to persuade him not to quit his job.
OUT
She ___________________________ his job.
2. Differences in ages partly explain the differences in achievement between the pupils.
ACCOUNTED
The differences in achievement between the pupils ____________________________ differences in age.
3. He would never allow his team mates to argue with the referee.
TIME
At ___________________ his team mates to argue with the referee.
4. The prison officers were making the prisoners dig holes and fill them up again.
MADE
The prisoners ________________________________________________ the prison officers.
5. It was too hot for me to be able to concentrate and do the exam properly.
UNABLE
It was _______________________ concentrate and do the exam properly.
6. She passed the word around that she was looking for a flat.
KNOWN
She ______________________________________ was looking for a flat.
7. Although he was tired, he agreed to play tennis.
THOUGH
Tired___________________________ play tennis.
8. "I never told anyone about your scheme," he told me.
DENIED
He________________________ scheme.
9. It was wrong of you to scare your mother like that.
OUGHT
You ______________________________ mother like that.
10. He's likely to leave before the letter arrives.
TIME
By__________________________________________________ left.
11. The window cleaners haven't called for at least six months.
TIME
The______________________________________ ago.
12. "Where on earth have you been all this time?"
DEMANDED
She ______________________________time.
13. The suitcase was extremely heavy but he managed to lift it easily.
OF
Despite _______________________________________ easily.
14. He is said to be  a very hard bargainer.
REPUTATION
He _________________________ hard bargainer.
15. He didn't think about leaving his family until they were ready to depart.
UNTIL
Not _______________________________________________ his family.
16. As soon as we left the tent, it collapsed.
TENT
No_____________________________________ collapsed.
17. They did not consider giving up the expedition at any point.
THEY
At ________________________________________________ the expedition.
18. As I intended to expand my shop, I made an offer for the premises next door.
VIEW
I made an offer____________________________________ my shop.
19. The prisoner was recaptured as he rushed towards the gate.
DASH
The prisoner _____________________________________ gate.
20. Since the company's methods were exposed in a newspaper, people have lost their good opinion of it.
IT
Since the company's methods______________________________________ disrepute.
KEY
PART ONE. OPEN CLOZE. Fill each of the blanks in the following passage with one suitable word
0. somewhat/ rather
somewhat: to some degree. E.g. I was somewhat surprised to see him.
bemuse: /bɪˈmjuːz/ to make somebody confused and unable to think clearly. Bewilder. E.g. he was bemused by what was happening.



1. who/ that 



2. a
giggle: (N) a slight silly repeated laugh. E.g. She gave a nervous giggle. Matt collapsed into giggles and hung up the phone.
giggle: (V) giggle (at/about somebody/something) (+ speech) to laugh in a silly way because you are amused, embarrassed or nervous. E.g. The girls giggled at the joke. They giggled nervously as they waited for their turn. She giggled with delight.



3. to


be down to somebody/something: to be caused by a particular person or thing. E.g. She claimed her problems were down to the media.






4. school
former: that used to have a particular position or status in the past. E.g. the 41-year-old former world champion. Former South African president Nelson Mandela. Both current and former employees. My former boss/colleague/wife. The countries of the former Soviet Union. Former Portuguese colonies.



5. invested 



6. hope
in the hope of something, in the hope that… because you want something to happen. E.g. I called early in the hope of catching her before she went to work. 



7. chances
chance: a possibility of something happening, especially something that you want. E.g. chance of doing something Is there any chance of getting tickets for tonight? 



8. grips

come/get to grips with something: to begin to understand and deal with something difficult. E.g. I'm slowly getting to grips with the language. They have so far failed to come to grips with the ecological problems.



9. order
up something: to increase the price or amount of something. E.g. The buyers upped their offer by £1 000. 



10. at/by
astounded: /əˈstaʊndɪd/ very surprised or shocked by something, because it seems very unlikely. Astonished. E.g. She looked astounded at the news. 



11. walks

a walk of life: a person’s job or position in society. Background. E.g. She has friends from all walks of life. 



12. for
zest: /zest/ zest (for something) enjoyment and enthusiasm. E.g. He had a great zest for life. A zest for battle.



13. despite



14. it

hoof it (informal) to go somewhere on foot; to walk somewhere. E.g. We hoofed it all the way to 42nd Street.  The last bus had gone, so they had to hoof it.






15. and
unwavering: /ʌnˈweɪvərɪŋ/ not changing or becoming weaker in any way. E.g. unwavering support. Her belief in the project has been unwavering.
dynamism /ˈdaɪnəmɪzəm/ 



16. hand
first hand: yourself, rather than having been given something or told about something by somebody else. E.g. to experience poverty first-hand. First-hand experience. 



17. same

all/just the same despite this. Nevertheless. E.g.  He's not very reliable, but I like him just the same. ‘Will you stay for lunch?’ ‘No, but thanks all the same.’ All the same, there's some truth in what she says. I’m sure he’s safe, but all the same, I wish he’d come home. I didn’t expect to find anything, but I decided to look around just the same.



18. change
sea change: a strong and noticeable change in a situation. E.g. It was one of those momentous events that cause a sea change in public attitudes. 



19. foot

set foot in/on something: to enter or visit a place. E.g. the first man to set foot on the moon. I vowed never to set foot in the place again.



20. pressed
hard-pressed: hard-pressed to do something finding something very difficult to do. E.g. You would be hard-pressed to find a better secretary.



21. few
faltering: speaking in a way that shows you are not confident. E.g. his faltering voice.



22. such
prove: turn out to be. E.g. The opposition proved too strong for him. It was proving extremely difficult to establish the truth. Shares in the industry proved a poor investment. His lack of experience may prove a problem in a crisis. The promotion proved to be a turning point in his career. Their fears proved to be groundless.



23. considered



24. in
Ground: instruct (someone) thoroughly in a subject. E.g. Eva’s governess grounded her in Latin and Greek.



25. ahead
ahead of the pack more successful than those you are competing against. E.g. In terms of raising money, Joe Anderson is way ahead of the pack. Of all the software I've tested, this product is ahead of the pack.




26. economic
downturn: downturn (in something) a fall in the amount of business that is done; a time when the economy becomes weaker. E.g. the recent economic downturns. A downturn in sales/trade/business. The economic downturn of 2008/2009. A period of economic downturn.  



27. year

year on year (used especially when talking about figures, prices, etc.) each year, compared with the last year. E.g. Spending has increased year on year. A year-on-year increase in spending. The monthly year-on-year growth rates.




28. under

have something under your belt (informal) to have already achieved or obtained something. E.g. She already has a couple of good wins under her belt. He now has almost a year as minister under his belt.




29. world

the world is your oyster: there is no limit to the opportunities open to you. E.g. With talent like that, the world is her oyster.



30. words

be lost for words to be so surprised, confused, etc. that you do not know what to say. E.g. Chris was lost for words at Kathy's incredible rudeness.
PART TWO. WORD BUILDING.  For each blank space use the word in brackets to help you write a related word which fits the context. Make sure your spelling is clear and unambiguous. An example (0) has been done for you.

Objective Proficiency p 62. Photographic Cliché. Extra Word Formation Cloze

0. stimulate


1. expression



2. competitions 



3. environmental 

Somebody's pet hate:
(British English) (North American English somebody's pet peeve) something that you particularly dislike.

4. continued 
  


5. basically




6. deemed
Deem: to have a particular opinion about something. Consider. E.g. The evening was deemed a great success. I deem it an honour to be invited. She deemed it prudent not to say anything. They would take any action deemed necessary.


7. powerful 



8. stimulating 
Merit: to do something to deserve praise, attention, etc. E.g. He claims that their success was not merited. The case does not merit further investigation.


9. photography 



10. innovative 



11. winning 



12. numerous 



13. hell-bent 
Hell-bent on something/on doing something:
determined to do something even though the results may be bad. E.g. He seems hell-bent on drinking himself to death.  

Walk off with something:
(informal) to win something easily.



14. Certainly 



15. seeing 



16. gifted 



17. innovators 



18. slavish 
Slavish:/ˈsleɪvɪʃ
/ following or copying somebody/something exactly without having any original thought at all. Falto de originalidad. E.g. a slavish adherence to the rules. Slavish obedience. A slavish imitation of Hitchcock's films.


19. actively



20. stimulation 

PART THREE. MULTIPLE CHOICE CLOZE. Read the text below and choose the option that best corresponds to the blank.

Objective Proficiency p 17. Book (0) Review . Extra Multiple Choice Cloze

0.  A Review


1. D. altered

Alter: /ˈɔːltə(r)/ 1. to become different; to make somebody/something different. E.g. Prices did not alter significantly during 2007. He had altered so much I scarcely recognized him. He altered his appearance with plastic surgery. Alter somebody/ something E.g. It doesn't alter the way I feel. Nothing can alter the fact that we are to blame. The landscape has been radically altered, severely damaging wildlife. This incident altered the whole course of events. Weather alters plans for beach goers 2. to make changes to a piece of clothing so that it will fit you better. E.g. We can have the dress altered to fit you.
 

Adjust: /əˈdʒʌst/ 1. to change something slightly to make it more suitable for a new set of conditions or to make it work better. E.g. adjust something Watch out for sharp bends and adjust your speed accordingly. This button is for adjusting the volume.The brakes need to be adjusted. Adjust something to something Adjust your language to the age of your audience. 2. to get used to a new situation by changing the way you behave and/or think. Adapt. E.g. They'll be fine—they just need time to adjust. Adjust to something After a while his eyes adjusted to the dark. Adjust to doing something It took her a while to adjust to living alone. It can be difficult to adjust to being a parent. Adjust yourself to something You'll quickly adjust yourself to student life. My eyes were still trying to adjust themselves to the strong sunlight. 3. Adjust something to move something slightly so that it looks neater or feels more comfortable. E.g. He smoothed his hair and adjusted his tie. Adjust the height of the chair so that your forearms will be horizontal while typing.


Shift: 1. to move, or move something, from one position or place to another. E.g. Lydia shifted uncomfortably in her chair. Shift (from…) (to…) The action of the novel shifts from Paris to London. Shift something Could you help me shift some furniture? Shift something (from…) (to…) He shifted his gaze from the child to her.She shifted her weight from one foot to the other. 2. (Of a situation, an opinion, a policy etc.) to change from one state, position, etc. to another. E.g. Public attitudes towards marriage have shifted over the past 50 years. Government policy has already shifted subtly (/ˈsʌtli/ not very noticeable or obvious). Shift (from…) (to/towards/toward…) The balance of power shifted away from workers towards employers. Her sympathies gradually shifted to the side of the protesters. 3. To change your opinion of or attitude towards something, or change the way that you do something. E.g. Shift something We need to shift the focus of this debate. Shift something (from…) (to/towards/toward…) The new policy shifted the emphasis away from fighting inflation. 4. Shift responsibility/blame (for something) (onto somebody) to make somebody else responsible for something you should do or something bad that you have done. E.g. He tried to shift the blame for his mistakes onto his colleagues.

Switch: 1. to change or make something change from one thing to another. E.g. switch (over) (from something) (to something) We're in the process of switching over to a new system of invoicing. We will have to switch over to a new currency. Switch between A and B Press these two keys to switch between documents on screen. Switch something (over) (from something) (to something) The meeting has been switched to next week. When did you switch jobs? We don't talk about any sex-related topics at home and my parents will switch TV channels if there are any sex or even kiss scenes2. To exchange one thing for another. Swap. E.g. switch something The dates of the last two exams have been switched. Switch something over/around/round I see you've switched the furniture around (= changed its position). Switch something with something Do you think she'll notice if I switch my glass with hers? He switched sides just days before the election.

2. A fulfil 



3.         D hand



4.         A label



5.         C Whilst



6.         B done



7.         A getting
up close and personal adv 1. intimately: he got to know the prime minister up close andpersonal. adj (up-close-and-personal when prenominal) 2. intimate: up-close-and-personal interaction.



8.         B come
           
            come close (to something/to doing something): to almost reach or do something. E.g. He'd come close to death. We didn't win but we came close. The welfare state never came close to eliminating poverty.
           
           
           
9.         B point
            plus point: an advantage or positive characteristic. E.g. "A plus point for families is the nearby retail park (a shopping area on the edge of a town or city, where there are several large stores).", "I suppose a plus point is that I'm just about the only bloke in the show.", "There are plenty of plus points about being an older first-time mum."

minus point: used for describing a disadvantage or negative quality of something. E.g. a minus point/factor: One of the minus points was the risk of getting caught.
           
           
           
10.      A punctuated
            punctuate:   /ˈpʌŋktʃueɪt/punctuate something (with something) to interrupt something at intervals. E.g.  Her speech was punctuated by bursts of applause. He punctuates his conversation with snatches of song.
Bill's talk was punctuated by images of many paintings
           
            interpolate   : 1. interpolate something to make a remark that interrupts a conversation. Interject. E.g. ‘But why?’ he interpolated. 2. interpolate something (into something) to add something to a piece of writing. Insert. E.g. The lines were interpolated into the manuscript at a later date.

Images were interpolated. He interpolated images into the description.
                       
            interject: interject (something) (formal) to interrupt what somebody is saying with your opinion or a remark. E.g. ‘You're wrong,’ interjected Susan.
           

           

           

11.      B succeeds
           
           
           
12.      C forms
            life form: a living thing such as a plant or an animal. E.g.intelligent life forms in other solar systems.
           
           
           
13.      A complete 
complete with something [not before noun] including something as an extra part or feature. E.g. The furniture comes complete with tools and instructions for assembly. The book, complete with CD, costs £35.

gazetteer /ˌɡæzəˈtɪə(r)/ a list of place names published as a book or at the end of a book. Sp. diccionario geográfico.



14.      C merely
            The other words don't express the idea of "just" in this context.



15.      D source 
PART FOUR. GAPPED SENTENCES. Think of ONE word only that can be used appropriately in all three sentences of each exercise. An example (0) has been done for you.
0. safe

1. passage
a. a short section from a book, piece of music, etc. Excerpt, extract. E.g. Read the following passage and answer the questions below.
b. the action of going across, through or past something. E.g. Large trees may obstruct the passage of light.
c. a long narrow area with walls on either side that connects one room or place with another. Corridor. E.g. A dark narrow passage led to the main hall. A secret underground passage


2. run
a. run something to print and publish an item or a story. E.g. On advice from their lawyers they decided not to run the story.
b. run somebody + adv./prep. (informal) to drive somebody to a place in a car. E.g. Shall I run you home?
c. to operate or function; to make something do this. E.g. Could you run the engine for a moment? Our van runs on (= uses) diesel.


3. lies
a. + adv./prep. (of a town, natural feature, etc.) to be located in a particular place. E.g. The town lies on the coast.
b. lie ahead/in store: to be going to happen to somebody in the future. E.g. You are young and your whole life lies ahead of you. She didn’t know what lay in store.
c. lie with somebody (to do something) (formal) to be somebody’s duty or responsibility. E.g. It lies with you to accept or reject the proposals.


4. report
a. to give people information about something that you have heard, seen, done, etc. E.g. The committee will report on its research next month.
b. report (to somebody/something) (for something) to tell somebody that you have arrived, for example for work or for a meeting with somebody. E.g. You should report for duty at 9.30 a.m. All visitors must report to the reception desk on arrival.
c. to present a written or spoken account of an event in a newspaper, on television, etc. E.g. She reports on royal stories for the BBC.


5. easily
a. easily the best, nicest, etc. without doubt; definitely. E.g. It's easily the best play I've seen this year. She is easily the most experienced teacher in the school.
b. without problems or difficulty. E.g. I can easily finish it tonight.
c. fit in: to live, work, etc. in an easy and natural way with somebody/something. E.g. He's never done this type of work before; I'm not sure how he'll fit in with the other people.

PART FIVE. KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS. Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.

0. "I am sorry I didn't ring you to say I'd be late."
APOLOGISED
He _apologised for not ringing (having rung) to say he'd___ be late.
1. She had to persuade him not to quit his job.
OUT                                                                              
She had to talk him out of quitting his job.
talk someone out of something:  to convince someone to give up or change something. E.g. They were trying to talk me out of my decision. Timmy tried to talk Mary out of her ice cream cone. I wish I'd known she was taking the drug, I would have tried to talk her out of it.



2. Differences in ages partly explain the differences in achievement between the pupils.
ACCOUNTED
The differences in achievement between the pupils are partly accounted for by differences in age.
account for something: to be the explanation or cause of something. Explain. E.g. The poor weather may have accounted for the small crowd.

3. He would never allow his team mates to argue with the referee.
TIME
At no time would he allow his team mates to argue with the referee.


4. The prison officers were making the prisoners dig holes and fill them up again.
MADE
The prisoners were being made to dig holes and fill them up again by the prison officers.

5. It was too hot for me to be able to concentrate and do the exam properly.
UNABLE
It was so hot (that) I was unable to concentrate and do the exam properly.

6. She passed the word around that she was looking for a flat.
KNOWN
She _let it be known that she__ was looking for a flat.


7. Although he was tired, he agreed to play tennis.
THOUGH
Tired _though he was, he agreed to _ play tennis.
                              

8. "I never told anyone about your scheme," he told me.
DENIED
He_ denied telling (having told) anyone about my/our_ scheme.
                                                                                              

9. It was wrong of you to scare your mother like that.
OUGHT
You _oughtn't/ ought not to have scared your_ mother like that.


10. He's likely to leave before the letter arrives.
TIME
By _the time the letter arrives, he's likely to have (or he'll probably have)___ left.


11. The window cleaners haven't called for at least six months.
TIME
The__ last time the window cleaners called was at least six months___ ago.


12. "Where on earth have you been all this time?"
DEMANDED
She __demanded to know where on earth I/we/he/she/they had been all that __time

13. The suitcase was extremely heavy but he managed to lift it easily.
OF
Despite _the (heavy) weight of the suitcase, he managed to lift it___ easily

14. He is said to be a very hard bargainer.
REPUTATION
He _has the reputation of (being)/ a reputation as a very _ hard bargainer /ˈbɑːɡənə/


15. He didn't think about leaving his family until they were ready to depart.
UNTIL
Not _until they were ready to depart did he think about leaving __ his family.


16. As soon as we left the tent, it collapsed.
TENT
No___ sooner had we left the tent than it_______ collapsed.


17. They did not consider giving up the expedition at any point.
THEY
At _no point did they consider giving up__ the expedition.


18. As I intended to expand my shop, I made an offer for the premises next door.
VIEW
I made an offer__ for the premises next door with a view to expanding__ my shop

with a view to something/to doing something

(formal) with the intention or hope of doing something. E.g. He's painting the house with a view to selling it.

in view of something

(formal) considering something. E.g. In view of the weather, the event will now be held indoors.


19. The prisoner was recaptured as he rushed towards the gate.
DASH
The prisoner __ was recaptured as he made a dash for the ___ gate.

a dash (for something): an act of going somewhere suddenly and/or quickly. E.g. He jumped off the bus and made a dash for the nearest bar.

to dash: to go somewhere very quickly. Rush. E.g. He dashed along the platform and jumped on the train. (You would need the past tense "dashed" to be able to use the verb)


20. Since the company's methods were exposed in a newspaper, people have lost their good opinion of it.
IT
Since the company's methods__ were exposed in a newspaper, it has fallen into __ disrepute
disrepute: /ˌdɪsrɪˈpjuːt/ the fact that somebody/something loses the respect of other people. E.g. The old system had fallen into disrepute. The players' behaviour on the field is likely to bring the game into disrepute. The president brought his office into disrepute and betrayed the people's trust.